Crazy Jamaica Zooming in on Jamaica

    Image preview

                   Vacation Apartments 1,2&3 Bedrooms Apt.

      7 miles from the City of Montego Bay.Ideally located between Montego Bay and Negril



    1 BED apartment FROM U.S.$45.00 UP

    2 BEDROOMS FROM U.S.$75.00 UP


    CALL 954-380-9679/ 876 330 5444 FOR RESERVATION.






    954-380-9679/876 330 5444



    The plantation regime of slavery had a major impact on the Jamaican society long after the the abolition of slavery.The lighter the skin ,the more valuable you were during slavery and even today,after coming  such a long way, that mentality still stands.

    As recent as the 1960’s,dark skin Jamaican women were not the faces you would normally see serving in the banks,at the airline counters,at the hotel counters or at any of the higher positions in larger companies. It was well accepted that the place for the darker skin Jamaican women was certainly not in the better or more top jobs. This took a major toll on the self esteem of Young black Jamaican women,who accepted the position of living as a second class citizen.Darker skin women during the 1960’s did not bother much with higher education for various reasons, such as affordability,self worth, having babies,not enough schools for higher education and not much in the future regarding better jobs.

    The early 1970’s saw a new beginning and a turn in the direction regarding skin colour. A young politician by the name of Micheal Manley(very light complexion man)became the Prime minister of Jamaica and spoke out strongly regarding prejudice against the darker skin Jamaicans.He constantly preached about equality among all skin colour.Mr. Manley himself fell in love with and married Beverley Manley, a dark skinJamaican woman, who sported an  afro .Micheal Manley was well loved  among Jamaicans and was able to get his message across to many.Self esteem among darker Jamaicans on a whole was on a high. Slogans like-PROUD TO BE BLACK and BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL were extremely popular.Songs included words like EMANCIPATE YOURSELVES FROM MENTAL SLAVERY,NONE BUT OURSELVES CAN FREE OUR MINDS(Bob Marley) and YOUNG GIFTED AND BLACK (made popular by Bob Andy and Marcia Griffiths were soaring on the charts in the 1970’s.Darker skin women were getting a boost of self esteem. They were ”proud to be black” and sported  their neat afros ,dressed confidently in their pedal pushers,mini skirts and hot pants.The faces that greeted customers at the service desks,banks and persons who represented companies as senior staff and managers were now including a number of Dark skin Jamaicans.As people became more aware of their self worth, education became a priority.


    You have to have one or all of the following to be socially accepted. Money,Education,Lighter complexion.Although Jamaica had never lost the whole stigma of the fair skin Jamaicans being the superior,The darker skin Jamaicans had become very aware that if they educate themselves, they could achieve greatness and become whatever they want to be.Black Jamaicans are now Bank Managers,Hotel Managers and owners,Doctors, Teachers,business owners and Might I say Prime minister !!Education has played quite an important roll in the lives of black Jamaicans who started achieving more,becoming bosses and professionals.


    What could have brought on the recent craze for lighter skin among dark skin Jamaicans especially women !! . This activity is identified mostly among the poorer class and the less educated. Could this be that the quest to be socially accepted has left them with no other choice ?The poorer class obviously has no money ,without money it is hard to get a higher education !! So the lightening of the skin might be the easiest of the three !! This certainly is no excuse for bleaching of the skin, as this is an extremely dangerous practice ,which can negatively affect ones health.


    The darker skin women are losing the battle against the lighter skin women in the quest for love.Jamaican men seem to much favour the ”brownings”(women with lighter complexion) and women of different race with lighter complexion.It is very obvious to see the pride and adoration in the faces of some black men when they walk down the street hand in hand with a light complexion woman !! One explanation given to me by a black man was ”Black women do not groom themselves as well and things like going to the gym and spa are not very common among them”. A very famous DJ unleashed a monster among Jamaicans when he released the popular song-”mi love mi car mi love mi bike mi love mi money an ting, but most of all mi love mi browning ”. That popular song (although very catchy and I must admit ,I danced to the beat a few times)took us back several years, as many Jamaican men felt and still feel the need to follow suite.


    The future looks very promising for the Dark skin Jamaican women,who have gotten far ahead in life, becoming Lawyers,doctors,Bank managers, Hotel managers even Prime minister,Achieving Bachelors ,Masters and PhD degrees.The future looks very bright, however loyalty from Jamaican Black men would be good .Most Black women are confident enough not to be needy ,but to move forward to where they are appreciated and needed






     Jamaican men their- Passion and love

    Back to main page


  • Herbal hair treatment and moisturizers(Jamaican herbs)


    Top 3 Best Homemade Hair Moisturizer Recipes

    natural hair moisturizer recipes

    Our hair is continuously exposed to damage on a daily basis, whether it be from chemical based products, blow dryers or hair irons, or simply environmental factors such as the wind and sun.  Most of these factors are within our control and can be prevented, however should your hair become victim to these factors there are simple solutions available to help improve the overall condition of the hair. Lack of moisture is the most common reason behind the majority of hair issues, and once this moisture is replenished you are well on the way to healthier looking hair.

    Homemade Hair Moisturizer #1
    Honey Hair Conditioner

    This conditioning treatment combines the beneficial properties of honey to add shine, olive oil to lock in hair moisture, and rosemary oil  to help stimulate healthy hair growth.  It will leave your hair looking vibrant and feeling silky smooth.

    1/2 cup of honey
    1/4 cup of olive oil (use 2 tablespoons for normal to oily hair)
    4 drops of rosemary essential oil
    1 teaspoon of Xanthum gum (sold in health stores – or on amazon)


    Thoroughly mix all ingredients together.

    Transfer into an airtight plastic bottle.


    Apply mixture to damp hair a little at a time.

    Gently massage into the scalp and hair until completely coated.

    Cover hair with shower cap, cling wrap, or a warm towel.

    Leave in for approximately 30 minutes.

    Shampoo and rinse with cool water.

    Homemade Hair Moisturizer #2
    Hot Oil Treatment

    This recipe contains a powerful concoction of natural moisturizers to provide a rich nourishing hair treatment.  Apply this treatment once a week to experience luxurious and healthy hair.

    1 cup of macadamia nut oil
    1 cup of sunflower seed oil
    1/4 cup of hemp seed oil
    1/8 cup of avocado oil
    1/8 cup of jojoba oil
    2 tablespoons of vitamin E oil
    1/8 cup of cocoa butter
    1/8 cup of avocado butter
    1/8 cup of mango butter


    Melt all ingredients slowly in a double boiler.

    Transfer liquid in a jar.


    Before use, heat treatment gently for 10 minutes over a bowl of boiling water until warm to the touch.

    Apply mixture generously to hair and scalp.

    Leave in for approximately 15-20 minutes.

    Rinse thoroughly and shampoo as normal.  You may need to shampoo twice.

    Homemade Hair Moisturizer #3
    Avocado Hair Lotion

    This treatment is highly recommended for damaged, dry, and chemically or color treated hair.  The essential oils provide a floral but minty aroma as well as conditioning qualities for the hair and scalp.

    3/4 cup of avocado oil
    1/8 cup of safflower oil
    1/8 cup of sweet almond oil
    8 drops of lavender oil
    6 drops of lemongrass oil
    6 drops of rosemary oil
    4 drops of geranium oil


    Mix together in order avocado, safflower, and sweet almond oil in a microwave-safe bowl.

    Heat mixture for 40 seconds.

    Add in order lavender, lemongrass, rosemary, and geranium oils.

    Swirl mixture to combine ingredients.


    Test mixture before application to ensure it is not too hot.

    Divide hair into sections and secure with clips.

    Apply mixture to the scalp, roots, and tips of hair and gently massage.

    Cover with shower cap or cling wrap.

    Leave in for approximately 45 minutes.

    Rinse and shampoo as normal.

    If you want to restore the moisture and shine back into your damaged hair, then these homemade recipes using only natural ingredients are for you. Give them a go and leave a comment below letting us know how they work for you.

    Plus, for more hair care and hair treatment recipes, have a read of these articles from the archive.



     Follow @crazyjamaica






    Here are a list of herbs and the areas in which they work best in.



    Bay,bayberry bark, chamomile,comfrey leaf and root,elderberry flowers,frankincense,,myrrh,primrose,pansy,rosemary,sage,rose,violet,wintergreen,witch hazel.


    STIMULATING HERBS: Beebalm,elderberryflowers,lavender,mint,nettle,plantain,rosemary,sage .



    Bay, chamomile , echinacea, myrrh, sorrel, thyme.



    Chamomile,fennel,lady’s mantle,lovage,nettle,parsley,plantain



    Burdock, clover, horsetail, lavender, tansy.


    FOR FACIALS: Chamomile-soothes and cleanses,comfrey-heals,elderberry flowers -stimulates and tightens,fennel-cleanses(good base for any facial ),nettles-cleanse and increases circulation,peppermint-stimulates nd tightens,rosemary-increases circulation,yarrow excellent astringent.

  • Jamaican herbs feature-Herbs for the Hair and skin

    Jamaican Herbs for the hair and skin is a healthy alternative. Too many harmful chemicals like  ALPHA HYDROXY ACID ,BRONOPOP,  COUMARIN, FORMALDEHYDE, GLYCOLIC ACID, TEA , DISODIUM EDTA and so many more  read more… are being used to make our skin and hair products .These harsh chemicals are used for various reasons namely, as preservatives for longer shelf life ,as fillers for profitability, for fragrance and for appearance.


    THE SKIN  is the  body’s largest organ and all product used on it is absorbed through the skin into the blood stream and into the organs.The organs and toxic blood,already sluggish from chemicals consumed from the food we eat ,is once again bombarded with added chemicals,which are absorbed through the skin.We should at all cost avoid skin care and hair products with harmful chemicals, in order to have better health.Herbal products are safe and very effective on the skin and hair.As a matter of fact they are healthy and good for us.

    A  warm herbal bath is the beginning of a beautiful skin. Wrap about a handful of your desired Jamaican herb or herbs  in a terry cloth or a meshed pouch  with approximately 1/2 cup oatmeal(to soften skin). Hang the pouch with herbs inside the warm bath water and let steep for 15-20minutes. Another way to prepare a herbal bath is to steep the herbal tea  then pour it in the warn bath water.Add some herbal infused oil to bath water and enjoy for as long as you desire to relax and unwind.Herbal infused oils are easy to make , very soothing and great to moisten the skin.Jojoba oil and Extra virgin olive oil are two excellent oils for the skin, jojoba oil being the closest oil to the one produced by our skin.Moisturize your body with healthy herbal lotionsavailable in the health stores or ones you can make yourself ,at home.Herbs such as,aloe vera, comfrey,fennel,mint,dandelion,blackberry leaves,sage,rose petals,grated ginger,parsley,orange peel ,orange blossoms,marigold and alfalfa are very effective on the skin and products with these herbs are highly recommended for great skin care.You should be able to identify all the ingredients in  the products you use on your skin and hair,this is surely one way to keep out harmful chemicals, free radicals and toxins from your organs and blood.The deodorants on the market have such toxic chemicals that are so harmful to the health of people especially women.These chemicals are absorbed into the glands that are next to the breasts and this is causing major health issues.We should really be very careful and read the labels on the deodorants .One harmful ingredient in deodorants is aluminum.Look for ”aluminum free deodorants” .


    THE HAIR is one of the first thing that people notice when they look at you.We have to maintain it with the best products or it will get dull and very unattractive. Best products does not mean( or have to be) expensive products,but what is good for us.Jamaican Herbs like nettlescomfrey,  aloe vera,  Tuna  leaves and many more listed here are great for a lustrous and healthy hair.The use of herbs in the hair will rejuvenate the scalp and hair shaft,which will enhance sheen and healthy growth. Harsh chemicals will basically give the reverse results.Try to make herbal shampoos and  hair moisturizer and hair  treatment at home for your hair , this will  eliminate some of the unknown ingredients that are added in shampoos and you will be happy with the results.

    Tuna leaves sliced down the middle is used as a shampoo to wash the hair and leaves the hair very soft . Ripe Avocado crushed and added to a few drops of extra virgin olive oil , left on the hair as a conditioner for approximately 10-15 minutes will leave the hair very healthy and with a nice sheen.


    The options are very limited with healthy skin and hair care products . However if we go back to the basics ,by using the ingredients that we know and can recognize ,we should be on the right path. Regardless of how we want to look,if we care about our health then our best option is using Jamaican herbs for the hair and skin.











     Follow @crazyjamaica



  • Jamaican herbs feature-Herbal formula for the skin and hair

    Some recipes will use steeped herbal tea ,so the first recipe will be just that.

    There are various herbs that are good for hair,facials,body care and herbal baths. You can choose the herbs that you think are best for your hair or skin. If a recipe has one particular herb and you would like to substitute another herb or add another herb,go right ahead ! that is the natural advantage of using herbs.

    Here are a list of herbs and the areas in which they work best in.



    Bay,bayberry bark, chamomile,comfrey leaf and root,elderberry flowers,frankincense,,myrrh,primrose,pansy,rosemary,sage,rose,violet,wintergreen,witch hazel.


    STIMULATING HERBS: Beebalm,elderberryflowers,lavender,mint,nettle,plantain,rosemary,sage .



    Bay, chamomile , echinacea, myrrh, sorrel, thyme.



    Chamomile,fennel,lady’s mantle,lovage,nettle,parsley,plantain



    Burdock, clover, horsetail, lavender, tansy.


    FOR FACIALS: Chamomile-soothes and cleanses,comfrey-heals,elderberry flowers -stimulates and tightens,fennel-cleanses(good base for any facial ),nettles-cleanse and increases circulation,peppermint-stimulates nd tightens,rosemary-increases circulation,yarrow excellent astringent.




    Things You’ll Need

    • Medium pot
    • Herb
    • Cup
    • Strainer



      • 1

        Bring 3 cups of water to boil in a medium-sized pot. Reduce heat to low and wait until the water stops boiling.

      • 2

        Add 1 table spoon of dried herbs to the water, cover and let simmer for 20 to 30 minutes.

      • 3

        Stir occasionally. Do not let the water boil, as that may destroy some of the potent compounds in the herbs.

      • 4

        Strain the herbs out of the hot water. Drink one to three cups of tea a day.

      • 5

        Continue drinking herb tea on a daily basis. Discontinue use or reduce dosage if adverse effects develop.





        All you will need is the oil,a clean dry glass container and the herbs of your choice(comfrey,camomile,sage,mint,burdock,fennel to name a few)


        Place the herb of choice in the jar(only half the container)                                 pour the oil into the container and fill to the top.Stir with a wooden spoon to make sure herb is covered.Cover container,label and date it. Shake container with herb and oil daily for duration of infusion process.This takes between 3-6 weeks,depends on how concentrated you desire the infused oil to be.





        1 Cup infused herbal tea(rosemary,burdock root,nettles all or any)

        1 tbsp. jojoba oil

        1 tbsp. vegetable glycerine or castor oil.

        1 tbsp. wheat germ oil or coconut oil.

        1 cup castile soap(liquid)

        combine all in a bowl and mix well. Pour in bottle and label.
        (Castile soap is 100% vegetable base soap, made from olive oil. It is a simple soap without a blend of complex ingredients. Hence the reason you can find it at your local healthfood store. In liquid form, they add only potassium hydroxide to seponify the vegetable oils.)



                                       ( ESPECIALLY FOR DREADLOCKS HAIRSTYLES)
        1 Aloe vera leaf (peel and discard skin)
        1 tbsp  jojoba oil
        1/2 cup water
        1 tbsp. avocado oil (optional)
        Blend all ingredients in a blender and use .(refrigerate any left over)
                                                     HERBAL BODY LOTION
        (Part 1)                                                                                   (Part 2)
        24 oz. steeped herbal tea                                    1/3  oz. Rosemary extract
        4. oz. jojoba oil                                                        1/3  oz. Lavender essential oil
        1 oz. vegetable glycerine
        1.2 oz. emulsifying wax
        1.2 oz. stearic acid
        combine all of part 1 ingredients into a double boiler and mix while allowing to melt.Once everything is melted use a hand held blender and mix for a few seconds. Add part 2 ingredients and mix again.Pour in container,label and allow to cool. You may substitute the Lavender essential oil for any other flavour you prefer.



    other related articles







  • Jamaican herbs feature-Dangerous ingredients in cosmetics and foods

    SOURCE :

    List of the More Widely Known Dangerous Ingredients in Body & Food Products


    This list only contains the more widely known chemicals and additives in body and food products. There are thousands more in use. Many of the chemicals listed below are suspected or known carcinogens, toxins, hormone disruptors, poisons and contaminates.

    Acesulfame K 
    Sugar substitute found in pudding, chewing gum, non-dairy creamers, instant coffee mixes, tea mixes and gelatin desserts. May increase cancer in humans.

    Also known as Dimethylketone, 2-Propanone, Beta-Ketopropane. Inhalation of moderate to high amounts, even for a short time results in entry of acetone into bloodstream where it is carried to all other organs. Nose, throat, lung and eye irritant, headaches, confusion, increased pulse rate, effects on blood, nausea, vomiting and unconsciousness, coma. Shortens the menstrual cycle in women. Effects of long-term exposure include kidney, liver and nerve damage, increased birth defects, metabolic changes and coma. Found in nail polish remover.

    Found in many nail care products. Known to cause cancers in humans and experimental animals.

    Acrylamide, produced naturally in some foods when cooked at high temps. Manufactured for use in polyacrylamide gels, sometimes used as a treatment for drinking water and/ or wastewater. Acrylamide causes cancer in animals and in large doses, nerve damage in humans. Smoking is a major acrylamide producer as is frying, deep frying or extended micro-waving.

    Implicated in oral cancer. Found in mouthwash, astringent, toothpaste, cleansers.

    Alkyl-phenol Ethoxylades 
    May reduce sperm count. Found in shampoo and bubble bath.

    Alpha Hydroxy Acid 
    Destroys skin cells and leaves skin more susceptible to damage from the environment and skin cancer. Actually ends up aging skin. Found in anti-aging facial creams and lotions.

    Heavy concentrations may be linked to Alzheimer’s dementia. Aluminum is in many antiperspirants and prevalent in water supplies. Processed foods contain dietary aluminum.
    Sodium aluminum phosphate appears in pickles, cheese and baking soda.

    Ammonium Glycolate 
    A photosensitizer with potential to increase risk of sunburn and skin cancer by intensifying UV exposures in deep skin layers. This sensitizer can instigate immune system response that includes itching, burning, scaling, hives, and blistering of skin. It is also a penetration enhancer which alters the skins’ structure, allowing other chemicals to penetrate deeper into the skin, thus increasing the amounts of other chemicals that reach the bloodstream. Found in body products.

    Ammonium Persulfate
    Found in hair color and bleaching kit sensitizer – can instigate immune system response that can include itching, burning, scaling, hives, and blistering of skin, lung sensitizer – can instigate immune system response that can include asthma attacks or other problems with the lungs and airways.

    Immune system toxin, respiratory toxicant, skin or sense organ toxicant, classified as toxic in one or more government assessments.

    Genetically Modified, synthetic sugar substitute. People report dizziness, headaches and even seizures. Scientists believe it can alter behavior due to altered brain function. Long term effects of this genetically modified organism on human health has not been studied or tested. Found as a sweetener in foods and some body products, such as shaving gel. See our Genetically Modified / GMO Foods section for more information.

    Benzalkonium chloride, cetrimonium chloride and lauryl dimonium hydrolysed collagenFound in hair treatment products. Both are toxic and allergenic.

    Inhalation of high levels can cause headaches, rapid heart rate, tremors, confusion, unconsciousness and death. Hodgkin’s and Lymphomas result from inhalation. Used in detergents, drugs, pesticides and adhesives.

    Benzoic Acid 
    Inhalation affects nervous system and is moderately toxic by ingestion. Severe eye and skin irritant. Used as a food preservative and in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics

    Benzoic / Benzyl / Benzene
    Contains carcinogens, endocrine disruptor, may cause birth defects. Found in shower gels, shampoos, bubble bath.

    Benzoyl Peroxide
    In acne treatments, bar soap, facial cleansers and food additives! Highly toxic/ irritant.

    Bisphenol A or BPA
    Toxic plastic chemical used as a can lining in brands of some infant formulas. Also found in water bottles, this chemical is used to produce polycarbonate and epoxy plastics. For babies, check food container labels and beware of polycarbonate plastic baby bottles. Chemical reactions can occur when plastic is heated.

    BHA – BHT 
    Banned in other countries, these two preservatives are considered carcinogenic but remain in U.S. manufactured foods that contain oil as they retard rancidity. Found in foods and body products.

    May break down into formaldehyde, may form carcinogenic nitrosamines. Found in body products.

    Potential breast cancer risk and endocrine disruptor raising concern for impaired fertility or development, increased risk for certain cancers, itching burning and blistering of skin. Found in body products.

    Causes cancer in animals. Used in cosmetics, inhalation could cause chemical pneumonitis.

    Coal Tar Dyes – (includes D&C Blue 1, Green 3, Yellow 5, Yellow 6, Red 33, etc.)
    Even though their carcinogenicity has recently been proven, the 1938 Act includes a specific exemption for them. Severe allergic reactions, asthma attacks, headaches, nausea, fatigue, lack of concentration, nervousness, increased risk of Hodgkin’s disease, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Found in bubble bath, hair dye, dandruff shampoo, toothpaste and foods. For more information, see the Dyes Commonly Used in Food and Body Product Section.

    Cocamidopropyl Betaine 
    May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products, itching, burning and blistering of skin. Synthesized from coconuts, this chemical is found in body products and may be labeled natural or organic.

    Formerly the active ingredient in rat poison. A carcinogenic ingredient used in the manufacturing of deodorants, shampoos, skin fresheners and perfumes.

    D&C Yellow 11 
    Found in: Lip gloss, polish remover, nail polish, bath oil/salts/soak, body spray, mositurizer, lipstick, styling gel/lotion, bar soap, after sun products, cologne, nail treatment. Color safe for external use only, found in ingested products, Color not approved for use around eyes, in eye products

    DEA: Diethanolamine 
    A chemical used as a wetting or thickening agent in shampoos, soaps, hairsprays and sunscreens, blocks absorption of the nutrient choline, which is essential to brain development in a fetus.

    An additive that tastes like butter causes a serious lung condition called bronchiolitis obliterans, or “popcorn workers’ lung. Found in foods, especially microwave popcorn.

    Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) 
    A chemical used to keep nail polish from chipping, has been connected to cancer in lab animals as well as long-term fertility issues in newborn boys. Banned in Europe, but still in use in the U.S. Found in nail polish.

    A silicone emollient, which coats the skin not allowing toxins out. May promote tumors and accumulate in the liver and lymph nodes. Found in lotions and creams.

    Damage and weaken tooth enamel allowing more staining and discoloration to take place. Found in tooth whitening products.

    Disodium EDTA 
    Harmful if swallowed or inhaled, causes irritation to skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Found in cosmetics.

    Diazolidinyl Urea
    Found in facial cleansers, shampoos and conditioners. Linked to neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity

    DMDM Hydantoin
    Contains formaldehyde , an ingredient linked to cancer, developmental and reproductive toxicity. Allergenic, can be an irritant to eyes skin and lungs. Common in manicure/pedicure products and hair treatment packages.

    Found in some mascaras’s suspected as a cause of cancer in humans, based on studies of human populations or laboratory animals.

    Suffocates skin by not allowing moisture in or out. Found in facial creams and body lotions.

    May contain lead, mercury, cadmium and arsenic. Accumulates in body and contributes to bone disease. Carcinogenic. Found in toothpastes.

    Suspected carcinogen and neurotoxin, it may be fatal if swallowed, absorbed through skin, inhaled or swallowed. Can cause spasms, edema, chemical pneumonitis and is extremely destructive to tissue of the mucous membrane, this chemical is found in many nail care products. Known to cause cancers in humans and experimental animals. Found in baby shampoo, bubble bath, deodorants, perfume, cologne, hair dye, mouthwash, toothpaste, hair spray, nail polish.

    Fragrances (Synthetic) 
    Some perfumes / fragrances contain hundreds of chemicals. Some, such as methylene chloride are carcinogenic. Some cause brain damage or are neurotoxins. Avoid unless you can be sure they are not carcinogenic.

    Glycolic Acid 
    Penetration enhancer which alters skin structure, allowing other chemicals to penetrate deeper into the skin, increasing the amounts of other chemicals that reach the bloodstream, skin or sense organs. As a sensitizer it can instigate immune system response that can include itching, burning, scaling, hives, and blistering of skin. Toxicant, neurotoxin, kidney toxicant, gastrointestinal or liver toxicant. Found in creams, lotions, cosmetics.

    GMO/Genetically Modified Organism 
    Plants, animals or foods that have been genetically modified, genetically engineered or BT/Biotechnology modified. Genetic engineering enables scientists to create plants, animals and micro-organisms by manipulating genes in a way that does not occur naturally. Minimal testing shows that animals fed GMO feed, refuse to eat it. When force-fed the feed (corn, soy, tomatoes etc.) the animals developed stomach lesions and malformations of organs. GMO food is not labeled as such in the U.S. Almost all other countries have banned the use of GMO in food and body products due to insufficient testing. See GMO section for more information.

    Hydroabietyl Alcohol
    Found in styling gel/lotions. Unsafe for use in cosmetics according to the fragrance industry’s International Fragrance Association.

    High Fructose Corn Syrup/HFCS
    High fructose consumption has been fingered as a causative factor in heart disease. It raises blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. It makes blood cells more prone to clotting, and it may also accelerate the aging process. See Sugars, Insulin Resistance and Glycemic Index section for more information.

    Hydrogenated/Partially Hydrogenated Oils 
    Hydrogenated oils contain high levels of trans fats. A trans fat is an otherwise normal fatty acid that has been radically changed by high heat. Trans fats are poison: just like arsenic. Partially hydrogenated oils will not only kill you in the long term by producing diseases like multiple sclerosis and allergies that lead to arthritis, but in the meantime they will make you fat! See Hydrogenated and Partially Hydrogenated Oils section for more information

    A severely toxic and very powerful chemical. Banned in the United Kingdom, but still used in the U.S. Found in skin lightening products and hair dyes, this chemical alters the skins natural structure inhibiting the production of Melanin. Without natural protection, the skin is more susceptible to skin cancer. Prolonged use of Hydroquinone will thicken collagen fibers damaging the connective tissues. The result is rough blotchy skin leaving it with a spotty caviar appearance.

    Used in cosmetics. Inhalation could cause chemical pneumonitis.

    Imidazolidinyl Urea
    This allergenic chemical finds its way into deodorants, shampoos, hand cream and some mascaras.

    Potential breast cancer risk. Itching, burning and blistering of skin. Found in body products.

    Isoproponal/Isopropyl Alcohol 
    Moderately toxic chemical causing flushing, pulse rate decrease, blood pressure lowering, anesthesia, narcosis, headache, dizziness, mental depression, drowsiness, hallucinations, distorted perceptions, respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting and coma. Used to clean/disinfect skin, lower temperatures. Found in some body products.

    Kajoic Acid 
    A chemical that inhibits melanin production. Used in skin lightening products, it damages the skin and makes it more susceptible to cancer.

    Can cause eyelashes to fall out. Found in mascara.

    While lanolin itself is skin beneficial, it may contain carcinogenic pesticides such as DDT, lindane, dieldrin and other neurotoxins. Can cause rashes. Found in body products.

    Can dry and damage skin. Found in bars of soap.

    Magnesium Stearate / Stearic Acid 
    May contain phosphatidyl choline which collapses cell membranes and selectively kills T-Cells which breaks down the immune system. An execeptant that is used to bind medicinal tablets and make them smooth it is also used in pharmaceuticals, foods, talcum powder, ammunition, and as a drying agent in paints.

    MEA: Cocamide DEA, Lauramide DEA, Linoleamide DEA, Oleamide DEA
    NDEA (N-nitrosodiethanolamine) forms when DEA reacts with nitrosating agents or the actual addition of nitrite as a preservative. As there is no way to determine if NDEA has been formed, it is imperative to avoid all products containing DEA as it is a known carcinogen. Often used in cosmetics to adjust the pH, and used with many fatty acids to convert acid to salt (stearate), which then becomes the base for a cleanser.

    Methylisothiazoline, or MIT 
    Causes neurological damage. Found in shampoo.

    Methyl Methacrylate 
    May cause fingers and nails to inflame. Found in nail polish.

    Potential breast cancer risk and endocrine disruptor raising concern for impaired fertility or development of fetus, and increased risk for certain cancers, itching, burning and blistering of skin. A close cousin of benzoic acid: poisonous and moderately toxic it is found in body products.

    Mineral Oil 
    A derivative of petroleum, this additive clogs pores, locks in toxins, suffocates and dries skin and inhibits your skins natural oil production further increasing dehydration. Causes testicular tumors in the fetus, deposits accumulate in the lymph nodes and prevent absorption of vitamin A from the intestines. Found in blush, baby oil, lotions, foundation and creams.

    Monosodium Glutamate/MSG 
    MSG is an excitotoxin, which causes nerve damage and allergic reactions. Found in hundreds of foods, often under other names. See our Monosodium Glutamate / MSG section for more information

    Gasoline additive. Known as a “likely” human carcinogenic.

    Neotame is a reformulated aspartame that will require smaller amounts than aspartame to achieve the same sweetness. Neotame, like aspartame, contains aspartic acid, phenylalanine, and a methyl esther. Animal studies reveal aspartic acid and glutamic acid load on the same receptors in the brain, cause identical brain lesions and neuroendocrine disorders, and act in an additive fashion. People who are sensitive to processed free glutamic acid (MSG) experience similar reactions to aspartame, and people who are sensitive to aspartame experience similar reactions to MSG. People who currently react to MSG and/or aspartame should expect to react similarly to Neotame. Found in soft drinks, pharmaceuticals, processed foods of all kinds.

    Nitrate – Nitrite 
    While nitrate itself is harmless; it is readily converted to nitrite. When nitrite combines with compounds called secondary amines, it forms nitrosamines: extremely powerful cancer-causing chemicals. The chemical reaction occurs most readily at the high temperatures of frying. Nitrite has long been suspected as being a cause of stomach cancer. (See Sodium Nitrite)

    Extremely powerful, cancer-causing chemicals formed at high temperatures when the preservative nitrite combines with compounds called secondary amines.

    While fat-free, this additive has a fatal side effect: it attaches to valuable nutrients and flushes them out of the body. Some of these nutrients, called carotenoids, appear to protect us from such diseases as lung cancer, prostate cancer, heart disease, and macular degeneration. Olestra replaces fats in ‘fat-free’ foods.

    Padimate-O (PABA) 
    Nitrosamines, potent carcinogens, may form in products that contain Padimate-O. There is no way of knowing if they have formed. Found in cosmetics and sunscreens.

    Possible carcinogen. Found in cosmetics and food.

    Toxic flame retardant, used in baby bedding to slow advance of fire. Residue found in breast milk.

    It is rocket science! Perchlorate is a by- product of rocket fuel, discovered in over 90% of the U.S. lettuce and milk supply. It interferes with thyroid function can cause thyroid cancer and or hypothyroidism.

    PEG Stearates
    Potentially contaminated with or breaking down into chemicals linked to cancer or other significant health problems. Found in cosmetics, creams and foods.

    PEG (Polyethylene, polyethylene glycol, polyoxyethylene, oxynol: any ethoxylated compound, including SLES)
    May contain ¼-dioxane which is a possible carcinogen, estrogen mimic and endocrine disruptor. Can only be removed from a product through vacuum stripping during processing. Avoid all ethyoxylated products as a precaution. Found in foods and body products.

    PEG-12 Distearate 
    May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer or other significant health problems. Found in creams, lotions, cosmetics and foods.

    PEG-80 Sorbitan Laurate
    May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer or other significant health problems, gastrointestinal or liver toxicity hazards. Found in cosmetics, creams, lotions and foods.

    May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer or other significant health problems. Found in foods, lotions, creams and cosmetics.

    Petroleum (Petrolatum) 
    Suffocates skin and traps toxins in body, clogs pores. Found in lotions, skin creams, and body jelly.

    PFOA or C8
    Used when processing polytetrafluroroethylene (PTFE) or Teflon. This toxic chemical remains in animals and humans for indefinite periods.

    Perflurooctanotane sulfonate. A fluorocarbon used in producing repellents and surfactant products, like stain resistant fabric.

    Possible connection to reproductive or developmental harm to fetus, potential for reduced fertility, classified as toxic and an irritant, potential risks to wildlife and environment through excretion of body product toxins and disposal of cosmetics.

    Accumulates in the body; proven damage to liver, lungs, kidneys and reproductive systems. Appears in vinyl flooring, plastic wallpaper, perfume, hair spray, deodorant, nail polish, hair gel, mousse, body and hand lotion. Look for it in children’s toys, as; DEHP, BBP and DBP.

    Polyethylene Glycol /PEG 
    Moderately toxic, eye irritant and possible carcinogen. Many glycols produce severe acidosis, central nervous system damage and congestion. Can cause convulsions, mutations, and surface EEG changes. Found in cosmetics, body products, foods, lotions.

    Possible carcinogen. Found in lipstick, mascara, baby soap, eye shadow.

    Used in cosmetics. Inhalation could cause chemical pneumonitis .

    May contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer or other significant health problems. Found in body products.

    Potassium Bromate 
    An additive that increases the volume and crumb of bread, is banned worldwide except in the U.S. and Japan. Considered carcinogenic.

    p-Phenylenediamine (PPD) 
    Very toxic substance, used in hair dyeing, shampoo’s and hair spray. Highly carcinogenic, developmental and reproductive toxicity, it is allergenic and can cause skin irritation issues.

    Propylene Glycol 
    Kidney damage, liver abnormalities, inhibits skin cell growth, damages cell membranes causing rashes, surface damage and dry skin.

    Absorbed into blood stream and travels to all organs. Many glycols produce severe acidosis, central nervous system damage and congestion. Can cause convulsions, mutations, and surface EEG changes. It is derived from petroleum products. The Material Safety Data Sheets on propylene glycol warns against contact with eyes, skin and clothing. It also says inhalation can cause irritation of nasal passages, ingestion can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

    Research also shows that it alters cell membranes and causes cardiac arrest. Found in shaving gel, lotions, shampoo, conditioners, foods, deodorant.

    Potential breast cancer risk and endocrine disruptor raising concern for impaired fertility or development, and increased risk for certain cancers, itching burning and blistering of skin, gastrointestinal or liver toxicity hazard. A close cousin of benzoic acid: poisonous and moderately toxic. Found in body products.

    PVC/ polyvinyl chloride
    When produced or burned, this common plastic releases dioxins, may cause cancer, affect immune and reproductive systems.

    Quaternium-7, 15, 31, 60 etc. 
    Toxic, causes skin rashes and allergic reactions. Formaldehyde releasers. Substantive evidence of casual relation to leukemia, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and other cancers. Found in body products.

    Sodium Chloride 
    Table salt (processed at high heat). Eye irritation, some hair loss, and dry and itchy skin. Found in shampoo as a thickener.

    Sodium Hydroxymethylglycinate 
    Potentially contaminated with or breaking down into chemicals linked to cancer or other significant health problems. Found in facial moisturizer, facial cleanser, facial treatments, skin fading and lightening products, anti-aging products, eye makeup remover, concealer, makeup remover, around eye cream, acne treatment, shampoo, conditioner, styling lotion and gel, styling mousse and foam, hair spray, hair relaxer, tanning oil and sunscreen, after tanning products, body cleanser and wash, body exfoliants, body firming lotion, baby soap, baby lotion, baby wipes, baby bubble bath, pain and wound products, hand sanitizer.

    Sodium Nitrite
    Makes meat look red rather than gray, and gives meat an overly long shelf life of months. Clinically proven to cause leukemia, brain tumors and other forms of cancer.

    Contains several naturally occurring compounds that are toxic to humans and animals. Soy foods block calcium and can cause vitamin D deficiencies. One health agency estimates than 100 grams of soy protein provides the estrogenic equivalent of the pill. Processing and all modern soy foods contain MSG, which cause neurological problems. Soy products inhibit thyroid function, which may lead to fatigue and mental issues. Infants on soy formula are vulnerable to developing autoimmune thyroid disease when exposed to high amounts of isoflavones over time. These Isoflavones have been found to have serious health effects, including infertility, thyroid disease or liver disease, on a number of mammals. Long term feeding with soy formulas inhibits thyroid peroxidase to such an extent that long term elevated thyroid stimulating hormone levels can also raise the risk of thyroid cancer. It is said that two glasses of soy milk a day over the course of a month contains enough of the chemical to change the timing of a woman’s menstrual cycle. Only eat soy if it has been fermented: such as soy, misu and tamari and if it is labeled as organic or non-GMO. See our Genetically Modified Foods section for more information

    SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate)
    Builds up in heart, lungs, brain and liver from skin contact and may cause damage to these organs. Corrodes hair follicles and may cause hair to fall out. Damages immune system. Contain endocrine disruptors and estrogen mimics. Impairs proper structural formation of young eyes. May contain carcinogenic nitrosamines. This is a detergent derived from coconut oil and may be labeled natural or even organic. Found in toothpaste, soap, shampoo, body wash, bubble bath, facial cleansers.

    SLES (Sodium Laureth Sulfate)
    Ether mixtures may contain carcinogenic nitrosamines. Avoid ethoxylated compounds as a precaution. May form 1.4 dioxane, a potential carcinogen, endocrine disruptor and estrogen mimic. Allows other chemicals to penetrate skin more deeply and enter bloodstream. May cause hair loss when applied to scalp. Found in shampoo, toothpaste, bubble bath, body wash, soap.

    Stearalkonium Chloride
    Toxic and causes allergic reactions. Used in hair conditioners.

    Can cause reactions in asthmatics, and lead to death. Sulphites are now banned on all foods except raw potatoes, wine and dried fruit.

    Carcinogenic when inhaled, may result in fallopian tube fibrosis. Found in blush, condoms, baby powder, feminine powders, foot and body powders.

    At one time in most vaccines for children. Still believed to be in many vaccines. This form of organic mercury, functions as a preservative. It is highly toxic as it metabolizes into methylmercury.

    TEA: Tea, Triethanolamine
    TEA causes allergic reactions including eye problems, dryness of hair and skin, and could be toxic if absorbed into the body over a long period of time. These chemicals are already restricted in Europe due to known carcinogenic effects (although still in use in the U.S.)

    Repeated skin applications of DEA-based detergents resulted in a major increase in the incidence of liver and kidney cancer. Found in shampoos, skin cream, bubble bath, shaving gel, conditioner, lotions.

    Poison to humans. Hallucinations, bone marrow changes, may cause liver and kidney damage and birth defects, endocrine disruptor and potential carcinogen linked to brain cancer. Irritates respiratory tract. Found in nail polish and cleaning products.

    Found in a lot of antimicrobial soaps and toothpaste products, it can react with chlorine in the tap water to create Chloroform. This is a toxic chemical that can give you cancer. If you breathe enough chloroform, you will die. When you wash your hands with antibacterial soap that contains Triclosan, you are getting the fumes emitted from this chemical reaction.

    Vinyl chloride
    Used to create PVC (polyvinyl chloride) a known carcinogen. Often found in toys. Children chewing on toys can release toxins into their bodies. * see PVC

    Zinc Stearate
    Carcinogen. Found in blush and powder foundation


     Follow @crazyjamaica














  • Why do Jamaicans excel ?Food for thought on the eve of celebrating Jamaica’s 50th year of independence

    ”Why do Jamaicans excel” is a question that many people ask. The answers can be a great topic for discussion,as there can be many .

    Jamaica is a tiny Island in the Caribbean,  with less than three million                    (3,000,000)people occupying the breathtaking paradise of approximately 4243 sq. miles. Jamaica has had some amazing achievements , topping the world in numerous events and sectors.


    Reggae Music became high on the world’s charts after it was taken abroad by ‘Legends’  Bob Marley, Jimmy Cliff and others others who were brave enough to introduce the world to something new ,but confident enough to know that they believed in reggae music, so that was good enough.This bold act ,opened the doors for many other reggae artists for whom the world keeps craving for more .Reggae is vibrant,provocative and addictive music ,that has swept waves worldwide.


                 Jamaican beauties have been outstanding throughout the years.To date Jamaica has produces three Ms. World winners and runners up.This country stands at third place in the world for the amount of beauties to have won the Ms. World title .Jamaica’s first Ms.World winner was Carole Crawford in 1963,Cindy Breakspear in 1976 and Lisa Hanna in 1979.Debbie Campbell was second runner up in 1979 and Sandra Cunningham second runner up  1981 .



                Jody-Ann Maxwell topped the world in the spelling Bee championship in 1998.



                Colin Powell , Jamaican born.Served in one of the highest position in the U.S.A. as Secretary of State from 2001 -2004



                  World renown boxer Trevor Berbick,  became the world champion in the heavy weight division in the year 1986. Mike McCallum another Jamaican became the word champion for the middle weight division in 1984.



                      The track team has done Jamaica more than proud and has had Jamaicans beaming with pride many times.This trend started some 60 years ago with Arthur Wint and Herb McKenley in the men’s 4×400 m relay.These men showed Jamaicans that they can win at any cost. Athletes like Merline Ottey,Donald Quarrie,Grace Jackson,Veronica Campbell,Shelly-Ann Fraser,Kerron Stewart and many others have brought home gold medals and set Jamaica high on the scale as ”the country to beat”.

                    Asafa Powell gave Jamaica an outstanding performance and brought home the gold as well a the word record in 2005. He held the world’s record in the 100 m of 9.77 seconds then 9.74 seconds between June 2005 -May 2008.

                    Usain Bolt in 2008 acquired the world record of 9.72 seconds in the 100 m race .He went on to top his own record in the olympics  at 9.59 and has the record of being the first man to set the world record in three events (100 m,200 m and 4x100relay)at a single olympics.Usain is currently the world record holder for both the 100m and the 200m races.

    Jamaica  a small country,has produced many outstanding achievers.Many can argue and say it is share luck,but good luck rarely strikes twice.There has to be something different about Jamaicans and the way they are brought up.



    It is eminent that Jamaicans are highly competitive. A closer look into their everyday lives will reveal that from very early competition is introduced.Many Jamaicans begin school at the tender age of two and school in every grade there is competition.At the end of every semester and year a test or exam is given to see what place the student falls in the class,whether it is first,second,third or down the line.An award is usually given to the higher achievers. To attend  high school ,students compete for a place to get into the particular school they desire.There are also annual competitions like sports day,song and speech festival competition,spelling bee ,school’s challenge quiz,football competition among schools,track and field  between schools and the list goes on.


               Jamaicans have what you could call a built in determination to win, to be first and to achieve. Regardless of the many hardship that Jamaicans face, there is always a way to conquer their obstacle.



              Jamaicans celebrate every chance they get. They make a party out of everything . There are parties for weddings,for funerals ,for someone migrating,for coming home,for graduating,for just being bored. Parties are never out of food ,drinks,dancing and laughter.Jamicans work hard and they play hard.


    Looking through the achievements and the lifestyle of Jamaicans it is really no definite answer to the question ”why do Jamaicans excel” ? It could be any one of the three above,it could also be a combination of all three.One thing for sure is that many Jamaicans do excel and that they do have the three characteristics at some point in their lives.


     Follow @crazyjamaica



  • Ms. Jamaica

  • ATHLETICS IN JAMAICA-on the eve of celebrating Jamaica’s 50th year of independence

    rom WikipediaView article on WikipediaLast modified on 3 September 2011, at 22:21

    This article is about the athletics in Jamaica from the 1930s to present.

    In 75 years, Jamaica has won 38 Commonwealth Golds, 12 World Championship Golds and 13 Olympic gold medals in athletics alone. Jamaica has a population of 2.6 million people the 137th biggest country in the world by population. Their current Gross domestic Product (GDP) nominally is $11.2 billion which ranks 108th in the world.



    In 1930, Jamaica entered its first-ever athletics team into an international competition. It was the 1930 Central American and Caribbean Games. Joseph Mackenzie won a silver medal in the high jump with a jump of 1.75 m. In 1934 Jamaica entered their first ever team into the British Empire Games (now known as the Commonwealth Games) the team won a silver in swimming and Bernard Leopold Prendergast won a bronze in the discus throw with a throw of 40.23 m. This was their first major athletics medal.


    The Beginning of a Sprinting Tradition: Arthur Wint winning the 400 m ahead of team-mate Herb McKenley at the 1948 London Olympics.

    The first part of the forties was interrupted by the Second World War. 3 years after the war in 1948, Jamaica made their first ever Olympic appearance at the London Olympics and surprised the world by winning 1 gold and two silvers. These medals were won byArthur Wint and Herbert Mckenley and started a great sprinting tradition. These two men are regarded as the pioneers of Jamaican athletics. In the 400 m final McKenley ran out of steam in the last 100 m and Wint passed him to become Jamaica’s first Olympic Gold Medallist. Wint narrowly missed out on a Gold in the 800 m but still went home a hero.


    In the 1952 Helsinki Olympics, Jamaican heroes Arthur Wint and Herb Mckenley were back along withGeorge Rhoden and Leslie Laing. Together these four made up the gold medal winning 4×400 m relay team becoming the only team other than the Americans to hold a 4×400 m world record by running 3:03.9 in the final. George Rhoden led a Jamaican one-two with Herb Mckenley in the (individual) 400 m and Mckenley won his second silver in the closest 100 m in Olympic history. Wint won another silver in the 800 m. Jamaica finished a remarkable 13th in the medal table ahead of the likes of JapanGreat Britain and Canada.

    At the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, Jamaica won one gold courtesy of Keith Gardner in the 120 yard hurdles. Jamaica sent one sole competitor to the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne. It was Keith Gardner but he failed to get through the first round leaving Jamaica with no medals.

    At the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, Jamaica won a record haul of 4 golds, 2 silvers and 1 bronze. Paul Foreman led a Jamaican one-two with Deryck Taylor in the long jump, Ernest Haisley won gold in high jump and Keith Gardner retained his 120yards hurdle title by setting a new commonwealth record of 14.0 seconds and won another gold in the 100yards.


    For the 1960 Olympics, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and Barbados entered a joint team known as theBritish West Indies Federation (BWI). The team won two bronzes from George Kerr in the 800 m and the men’s 4 x 400 m relay team of Kerr, James Wedderburn, Keith Gardner and Malcolm Spence. At the1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games Jamaica won two athletics golds. One in the Men’s 440 yards from George Kerr and one from the Men’s 4x440yards team of Kerr, Lawrence Khan, Malcolm Spence and Mellville Spence. Kerr then followed up with silver in the 880 yards. Unfortunately at theTokyo Olympics in 1964 Jamaica failed to win any medals. The 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were the first to be held in Jamaica and the first outside the “White Commonwealth”. Much to the disappointment of the Kingston crowd, Jamaica didn’t win any gold medals. Carmen Smith and Una Morris became Jamaica’s first major female athletics medalists by winning a silver and bronzes respectively. The Jamaican Men’s 4x110yards team of Lynnsworth Headley, Mike Fray, Pablo McNeill and Wellesley Clayton also got silver and there were another three bronzes won by the team on the track. At the 1968 Olympics Lennox Miller won a silver medal behind record breaking Jim Hines in the 100 m and the Jamaican 4×100 m relay team was a huge gold medal prospect as they had the 100 m silver medalist Lennox Miller, they smashed the world record in the heats but Errol Stewart, Mike Fray, Clifton Forbes and Lennox Miller could only manage fourth place in the final and looked on as the Americans broke the world record they had set only a day before. Jamaica left Mexico with a sole silver medal.


    In 1970, Jamaica equalled its 1958 record haul in the 1970 British Commonwealth Games of 4 golds 2 silvers and a bronze. Marilyn Neufville won gold for Jamaica in the 400 m after switching to Jamaica from her adopted nation, Great Britain. A nineteen year old Donald Quarrie won two golds by winning the sprint double and led a one-two with Lennox Miller in the 100 m. The men’s 4×100 m team of Carl Lawson, Don Quarrie, Erroll Stewart and Lennox Miller also won gold.

    At the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, it was once again Lennox Miller that won the sole medal this time it was bronze. The 1974 British Commonwealth Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand. Quarrie retained his Commonwealth Gold Medals. In 1976 Donald Quarrie managed to become Jamaica’s first Olympic champion in 24 years when he won the 200 m at the Montreal Olympics. Quarrie also finished second in the 100 m, which earned him a silver medal. In 1978 Donald Quarrie won the 100 m Commonwealth Gold for the third time in a row. The Men’s 4×400 m relay team of Bertland Cameron, Clive Barriffe, Colin Bradford and Floyd Brown won silver. Colin Bradford won bronze in the 200 m and another bronze with the Men’s 4×100 m team of Errol Quarrie, Floyd Brown and Oliver Heywood.


    At the 1980 Moscow Olympics, Jamaica won a bronze medal in cycling and won two more bronze medals in athletics. Those medals came thanks to Donald Quarrie in the 200 m and 20 year old Merlene Ottey who became the first female athlete from an English speaking Caribbean island to win an Olympic medal after winning bronze in the 200 m. The 1982 Commonwealth Games was where Ottey won her first gold medal, in the 200 m by setting a new commonwealth record of 22.19 seconds. She also won silver in the 100 m and helped the Jamaican women’s 4×100 m team of Cathy Rattray-Williams, Grace Jackson and Leileth Hodges to bronze. Bertland “Bert” Cameron became 400 m Commonwealth champion winning him Jamaica Sportsman of the year.

    In 1983, the first ever World Championships in Athletics were held. This gave Jamaican athletes more opportunities to win major medals. Bert Cameron became the first ever 400 m World Champion. Merlene Ottey also got silver in the 200 m. The women’s 4×100 m team (Leleith Hodges, Jacqueline Pusey, Juliet Cuthbert, and Merlene Ottey) also won a bronze medal.

    At the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984, Merlene Ottey-Page won two bronzes (in the 100 and 200 m). The Men’s 4×100 m team of Albert LawrenceGregory Meghoo, Donald Quarrie and Raymond Stewart won Olympic silver as well. Jamaica boycotted the 1986 Commonwealth Games over Margaret Thatcher‘s stance on apartheid era South Africa. They were however at the 1987 World Athletics Championships. There were no gold medallists but Raymond Stewart won silver in the 100 m and Merlene Ottey won two more bronzes (again in the 100 m and 200 m) to put in her medal cabinet. The Men’s 4×100 m team of John Mair, Andrew Smith, Clive Wright and Raymond Stewart won another bronze to add to the medal tally. At the 1988 Olympics in Seoul Grace Jackson won one silver in the 200 m and so did the men’s 4×400 m relay team of Howard DavisDevon MorrisWinthrop Graham and Bert Cameron. Surprisingly Merlene Ottey didn’t win any medals at these games.


    Merlene Ottey, former 200 m World Champion.

    The early nineties was a successful time for Jamaican athletics withMerlene Ottey on top form. The decade started with theCommonwealth Games in Auckland. Ottey won the sprint double just like Quarrie had done 26 years before her. Both men’s relay teams won bronzes. The 4×100 m team featured Clive Wright, John Mair, Raymond Stewart and Wayne Watson. The 4×400 m team featured Wright, Devon Morris, Howard Burnett and Mair. Next up was the 1991 World Championships in Japan the only gold was the women’s 4×100 m team of Dahlia DuhaneyJuliet CuthbertBeverly McDonald and Merlene Ottey. Winthrop Graham managed silver in the 400 m hurdles and Merlene Ottey once again won two bronzes in the 100 m and 200 m, and the men’s 4×400 m team of Patrick O’ConnorDevon MorrisWinthrop Graham and Seymour Fagan also won bronze giving Jamaica a record World championship medal tally of 1 gold 1 silver and 3 bronzes.

    The next Olympics were in 1992 in Barcelona and Jamaica had many athletes capable of winning the Olympic Gold medal but none rose to the occasion. Juliet Cuthbert came close but could only manage two silvers (in the 100 m and 200 m) and Winthrop Graham won silver in the 400 m hurdles behind record breaking Kevin Young. Merlene Ottey won two more Olympic Bronzes (that was in the 100 m and 200 m behind younger team mate Juliet Cuthbert) and many were starting to say she should retire.

    A year later at the 1993 World Championships, Ottey proved the critics wrong by becoming World 200 m Champion at the age of 33. She then won silver in the 100 m. She would return to earn a bronze medal on the women’s 4×100 m team (Michelle Freeman, Juliet CampbellNikole Mitchell, and Merlene Ottey). Also Winthrop Graham in the 400 m hurdles and Sandie Richards in the women’s 400 m, won bronze medals.

    At the 1994 Commonwealth Games two young athletes were the only gold medallists 25 year oldMichelle Freeman won gold in the sprint hurdles and 22 year old Inez Turner won gold in the 800 m.Merlene Ottey retained her 200 m crown at the 1995 world championships in Gothenburg. Once again she won 100 m silver. At this championships Jamaica achieved another record haul of 1 gold 4 silvers and 2 bronzes. This included silvers for James Beckford in the Long Jump, the men’s 4×400 m team (Michael McDonaldDavian ClarkeDanny McFarlane, and Greg Haughton), and the women’s 4×100 m team (Dahlia Duhaney, Juliet Cuthbert, Beverly McDonald, and Merlene Ottey), as well as, bronzes forGreg Haughton in the men’s 400 m and Deon Hemmings in the women’s 400 m hurdles.

    Many believed the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta would be Ottey’s last as she was then 36. Ottey won silver in the closest women’s Olympic 100 m in history as her and Gail Devers were given the same time of 10.94 but the judges gave it to Devers on the photo finish. Like Herb Mckenley 44 years before her this was the closest Ottey ever was to an individual Olympic Gold medal. She also won a silver in the 200 and showed no signs of stopping. At this Olympics Ottey’s achievements were overshadowed by Jamaica’s first Olympic champion since Donald Quarrie and first female Olympic champion. Her name was Deon Hemmings and she won the 400 m hurdles in a new Olympic record of 52.82. James Beckfordalso managed a long jump silver medal. The women’s 4×100 m team (Michelle Freeman, Juliet Cuthbert, Nikole Mitchell, Merlene Ottey, Gillian Russell, and Andrea Lloyd) and the men’s 4×400 m team (Michael McDonald, Greg Haughton, Roxbert Martin, Davian Clarke, Dennis Blake, and Garth Robinson) both won bronze medals as well, so that Jamaica ended with 1 gold, 3 silver and 2 bronze.

    The next year at the 1997 world championships, Jamaica won no golds but managed 3 silvers and 4 bronzes. Alexandra “Sandie” Richards won silver in the 400 m. Olympic champion Deon Hemmings won silver in the 400 m hurdles and the women’s 4×100 m team of Beverly McDonald, Merlene Frazer, Juliet Cuthbert and Beverly Grant won silver. The ageless wonder Merlene Ottey won bronze in the 200 m,Michelle Freeman also won bronze in the 100 m hurdles, while both 4×400 m men’s (Michael McDonald, Greg Haughton, Danny McFarlane, and Davian Clarke) and women’s (Inez Turner, Lorraine Fenton, Deon Hemmings, and Sandie Richards) teams won bronze medals however after USA’s gold was stripped because it included drug cheat Antonio Pettigrew. Jamaica were promoted to silver medal position making there revised total 4 silvers and 3 bronzes.

    In Kuala Lumpur for the 1998 Commonwealth Games Jamaica managed 4 golds Gillian Russell set a new commonwealth record of 12.7 seconds in the 100 m hurdles. Sandie Richards won gold in the 400 m with a new commonwealth record of 50.17. Dinsdale Morgan won gold in the 400 m Hurdles and the men’s 4×400 m team of Davian ClarkeGregory HaughtonMichael McDonald and Roxbert Martin won gold in a new Commonwealth record to cap off a successful games.

    The 1999 World Championships were the last championships before the new millennium. Jamaica won no golds but Beverly McDonald won silver in the 200 m. The rest of the team won 5 bronzes including Deon Hemmings in the 400 m hurdles, Lorraine Fenton in the 400 m, Merlene Frazer in the 200 m, the women’s 4×100 m team (Aleen Bailey, Merlene Frazer, Beverly McDonald, and Peta-Gaye Dowdie), and the men’s 4×400 m team (Michael McDonald, Greg Haughton, Danny McFarlane, and Davian Clarke). The bronze awarded to the Jamaican men’s 4×400 m team was later upgraded to a silver medal after the US team, that originally won the event, admitted to using performance enhancing drugs.

    Early 2000s

    There was a lot of controversy before the Millennium Olympics in Sydney which almost resulted in Jamaica being thrown out of the competition. The reason was that there were protests in the Olympic village because they believed Merlene Ottey had bullied herself into the team as she had finished fourth in the trials but made the team ahead of Peta-Gaye Dowdie who finished ahead of her in the trials. Jamaica won no gold medals at the 2000 Olympics but Lorraine Fenton in the 400 m, defending Olympic champion Deon Hemmings in the 400 m hurdles, the women’s 4×400 m relay team with Sandie Richards, Catherine Scott, Deon Hemmings, and Lorraine Fenton, and the women’s 4×100 m team featuring Tanya LawrenceVeronica Campbell, Beverly McDonald and 40 year old Merlene Ottey, all won silvers. This made Ottey the oldest ever athletics medallist. Greg Haughton and Tayna Lawrence won bronzes in the 400 m and 100 m respectively while the mens 4×400 m team (Michael Blackwood, Greg Haughton, Christopher Williams, Danny McFarlane, Sanjay Ayre, and Michael McDonald) also copped a bronze medal. Jamaica ended that games with a tally of 4 silver and 3 bronzes. A year later Ottey started competing for Slovenia because of the 2000 controversy. The controversy continued after them 2000 Olympics after it was revealed that America’s Marion Jones had taken performance enhancing drugs. All her medals were stripped. This gained Tanya Lawrence a 100 m silver medal, Merlene Ottey a 100 m bronze and 200 m bronze for Beverly McDonald. This made Jamaica’s revised medal total 5 silvers and 4 bronzes.

    The 2001 World Championships was next and Jamaica won gold thanks to the women’s 4×400 m team of Sandie RichardsCatherine ScottDebbie-Ann Parris, and Lorraine Fenton‘s world leading run.Christopher Williams and Lorraine Fenton both got well earned silvers in the 200 m and 400 m repesctively, while Greg Haughton in the men’s 400 m, the men’s 4×400 m team (Brandon Simpson, Christopher Williams, Greg Haughton, and Danny McFarlane), and the women’s 4×100 m team (Juliet Campbell, Merlene Frazer, Beverly McDonald, and Astia Walker) won bronzes. Here Jamaica finished with a tally of 1 gold, 2 silver and 3 bronze.

    Veronica Campbell-Brown, two-time 200 m Olympic Champion and 100 m World Champion.

    2002 was a record breaking year for Jamaica as they won a record haul of medals at the Commonwealth Games . In total they won 4 gold medals 6 silvers and 7 bronzes. Claston Bernard won the Decathlon gold. Elva Goldbourne leaped to long jump gold. Michael Blackwood sped to 400 m gold and Lacena Golding-Clarke glided to 100 m hurdles gold.

    2003 was disappointing for Jamaican athletics; they won no golds at the world championships but James Beckford in the long jump, Lorraine Fenton in the 400 m, Brigitte Foster-Hylton in the 100 m hurdles and the men’s 4×400 m team (Brandon Simpson, Danny McFarlane, Davian Clarke and Michael Blackwood) all won silver.Michael Blackwood‘s bronze in the men’s 400 m and the 4×400 m women’s team (Allison Beckford, Lorraine Fenton, Ronetta Smith, and Sandie Richards) also won bronze to round out the medal haul of 4 silver and 2 bronze.

    The 2004 Olympics in Athens was lit up by Jamaican golden girlVeronica Campbell, first she won bronze in the 100 m, next she won gold in the 200 m to become the first Caribbean woman to win an individual sprint event at the Olympics, then she anchored the 4×100 m team that included Tanya LawrenceAleen Bailey and Sherone Simpson to a famous victory. Danny McFarlane then won a surprise silver medal in the 400 m hurdles, and the 4×400 m women’s team (Novlene WilliamsMichelle BurgherNadia Davy, Sandie Richards, and Ronetta Smith) got bronze, for a total of 5 medals – 2 gold, 1 silver, and 2 bronze to Jamaica.

    Asafa Powell, former 100 m World Record Holder.

    In 2005 at the world championships, Jamaica received a record haul of medals they won 1 gold medal 5 silvers and 2 bronzes. Trecia Smith won the gold in the triple jump. Veronica Campbell in the women’s 100 m, Michael Frater in the men’s 100 m, Delloreen Ennis-London in the 100 m hurdles, and the women’s 4×100 m (Daniele Browning, Sherone Simpson, Aleen Bailey, and Veronica Campbell) and 4×400 m (Shericka Williams, Novlene Williams, Ronetta Smith, and Lorraine Fenton) teams, all won silver medals. Brigitte Foster-Hylton finished behind Ennis-London for bronze in the 100 m hurdles, and the men’s 4×400 m team (Sanjay Ayre, Brandon Simpson, Lansford Spence, and Davian Clarke) also finished with bronze. With an overall tally of 8 medals, Jamaica finished 5th in the medal table ahead of Great Britain and Germany.

    More records were broken at the 2006 Commonwealth Games as Jamaica got 10 golds more than double the previous record. In total they won 10 gold medals 4 silvers 8 bronzes. Gold medallists were the then World 100 m record holder Asafa Powell in the men’s 100 m, Sheri-Ann Brooks in the women’s 100 m, Maurice Wignall in the110 m hurdles, Trecia Smith in the triple jump, Tanto Campbell in the Men’s seated discus throw, Omar Brown in the 200 m, Brigitte Foster-Hylton in the 100 m hurdles, Men’s 4×100 m team of Ainsley Waugh, Asafa Powell, Chris Williams and Michael Frater, and the Women’s 4×100 m team of Daniele Browning, Peta Dowdie, Sheri-Ann Brooks and Sherone Simpson.

    2007 was yet another record breaking year for Jamaican athletics as there was another record haul at the 2007 World Championships Veronica Campbell won gold in the 100 m but had to settle for a silver in the 200 m. This championships also saw the emergence of a young Usain Bolt achieving a silver in the Men’s 200 m while Asafa Powell could only manage a bronze medal in the Men’s 100 m. Maurice Smithwon silver in the Decathlon, and both the 4×100 m Men’s (Marvin Anderson, Usain Bolt, Nesta Carter, and Asafa Powell) and Women’s (Sheri-Ann Brooks, Kerron StewartSimone Facey, and Veronica Campbell) sprint relay teams finished with silvers, as well as the 4×400 m women’s team (Shericka Williams, Shereefa LloydDavita Prendagast, and Novlene Williams). Delloreen Ennis-London and Novlene Williams copped bronzes in the 100 m hurdles and 400 m respectively. In total the team won 1 gold medal 6 silver and 3 bronze.

    In 2008, 21-year old Usain Bolt proved Jamaica’s dominance in the 100 m which isn’t his favoured event, first running 9.76, becoming second on the all-time list and then on 1 June 2008 he ran 9.72 breaking the 100 m world record held by fellow Jamaican Asafa Powell (9.74 secs) by two hundredths of a second. This meant that the two fastest men in the world were Jamaicans and set up a thrilling contest between World 100 m and 200 m Champion, Tyson Gay of the United States, and the two fastest men in history.

    Beijing 2008:”Sprint Dominance”

    Usain Bolt, Triple Olympic Champion and World Record Holder.

    The first week of the 2008 Summer Olympics in BeijingChina was quiet for Jamaica, but on Saturday 16 August, Usain Bolt won their first of many gold medals by smashing his own 100 m World Record by 0.03 seconds in the final, recording a time of 9.69 s. In the process he became the first man to go under 9.70 seconds. The feat was made more remarkable by the fact that around 15–20 metres from the line, Bolt slowed down and started to celebrate early by lowering his hands and slapping his chest. There was no wind to either hinder or help his progress (+0.0 m/s), also it turned out that one of his shoelaces came undone during the race. Asafa Powelland Michael Frater who were also in the race for Jamaica, finished fifth and sixth respectively. The American Tyson Gay never made the final.

    The next day was the women’s 100 m which was expected to be Jamaica vs the United States. Jamaican Kerron Stewart had looked impressive in the earlier rounds, but in the final, Shelly-Ann Fraserfinished well ahead of the field with Stewart and Sherone Simpson getting joint silver medals after recording identical times. This made Jamaica the first country to get a clean sweep of the medals in the women’s 100 m at the Olympic Games.

    On Tuesday,19 August, Shericka Williams won silver in the women’s 400 m by passing the favouriteSanya Richards (who herself is Jamaican- born), on the home straight. This medal gave Jamaica a tally of 2 golds, 3 silvers and no bronzes. However, there was much more to come from the Jamaicans.

    On the 20 August, Bolt was back to compete in the final of the 200 m sprint. Before the race, there was a lot of speculation over whether he could break Michael Johnson‘s 12 year-old World Record of 19.32 seconds. In the race, Bolt had a good start and came down the home straight with a considerable lead, continuing to pull away from the rest of the field. He passed the line in a new World Record time of 19.30 seconds. Giving Jamaica a third gold and making him the first man to complete the sprint double sinceCarl Lewis in 1984, and the first to do so in world record times. He also became the second Jamaican to win two gold medals at a single Olympic Games, after George Rhoden in 1952. The same day, Melaine Walker won the women’s 400 m hurdles event in a new Olympic Record time of 52.64 seconds, breaking the old mark set in 1996 by Deon Hemmings.

    On the 21 August, Jamaica completed a clean-sweep of all the individual sprints (100 and 200 m), and confirmed the nation’s dominance when Veronica Campbell-Brown successfully defended her Olympic 200 m title winning the event ahead of Allyson Felix of the United States, and Kerron Stewart who took bronze.

    On the 22 August, the Jamaican women’s and men’s 4 x 100 m relay teams took to the track. Their chances for victory were boosted when both American 4 x 100 m teams were knocked-out in the heats. The women’s team of Shelly-Ann FraserSherone SimpsonKerron Stewart and Veronica Campbell-Brown were the first on the track, going reasonably well until the third changeover between Simpson and Stewart, which was poorly timed and resulted in the disqualification of the entire team. However, the men’s team consisting of Nesta CarterMichael FraterUsain Bolt and Asafa Powell were next. Their own runs went without any problems, Powell received the baton from Bolt well ahead of the other teams, crossing the line in both the fastest electronically timed anchor run ever (8.70 seconds), and an overall World Record time of 37.10 seconds. This was a full 0.30 seconds quicker than the previous world record of 37.40 set by the Americans. Usain Bolt now had three gold medals and three World Records to his credit, and Jamaica had won 5 of the 6 available gold medals in the sprints, the only country to achieve this feat other than the American teams of 1984 and 1988. This made Jamaicans characterize this Olympic games as the “JAlympics”.

    Jamaica’s last medal of the games came in the women’s 4 x 400 m relay. The team of Shericka WilliamsShereefa LloydRosemarie Whyte and Novlene Williams claimed bronze. This finally gave Jamaica a medal tally of 6 golds, 3 silvers and 2 bronzes, smashing the previous national record that was set in 1952, and finishing 13th in the medal table.

    Late 2000s

    Before the 2009 World Championships in Berlin the Jamaican team was hit by two scandals, a drug scandal with five athletes failing drug tests and the Jamaican athletic association threatening to throw out members of Stephen Francis’s MVP track club which includes Asafa Powell, Brigitte Foster-Hylton, Shericka Williams and Shelly-Ann Fraser after they refused to attend the pre-competition Jamaican training camp. However, this didn’t hinder superstar Jamaican triple Olympic champion Usain Bolt in the 100 m on the 16 August winning gold by smashing his previous world record of 9.69 by 0.11 seconds and running an astonishing 9.58 seconds beating American Tyson Gay by two metres despite Gay running a national record of 9.71. Fellow Jamaican former world record holder Asafa Powell won bronze in a season’s best of 9.84. Bolt broke the 100 m world record by the biggest margin ever in the modern era and became the first human to go under 9.6 seconds.

    The very next day on the 17 August was the final of the women’s 100 m. Four Jamaicans had made the final (Aleen BaileyShelly-Ann FraserKerron Stewart and Veronica Campbell-Brown) and although the possible 1-2-3-4 failed to materialise Shelly-Ann Fraser sprinted to World gold in 10.73 seconds breaking the great Merlene Ottey 13 year-old national record. Kerron Stewart closed quickly in final stages to get her first World Championship silver in 10.75 seconds equalling her personal best. This meant that after day 3 of the Championships Jamaica were top of the medal table.

    On the 18 August in the final of the women’s 400 m Shericka Williams followed her Olympic silver with World silver in a personal best time of 49.32 behind Jamaican-born Sanya Richards.

    On day 5 of the championships Jamaicans Brigitte Foster-Hylton and Delloreen Ennis-London made the 100 m hurdles final and Brigitte Foster-Hylton finally delivered on her potential and winning her first world title in 12.51 at the age of 34 with Ennis-London getting bronze with 12.55 also at the age of 35. This brought the Jamaican medal tally to 3 golds 2 silvers and 2 bronzes.

    The next day was the night of the women’s 400 m hurdles final and the men’s 200 m final. First up was the women’s 400 m hurdles with Olympic champion Melaine Walker despite not being favourite Walker flew to a new championship record of 52.42 to win the gold in the second fastest time in history. This took Jamaica above USA at the top of the medal table for the second time of the championships.

    On the same night Usain Bolt lined up for the 200 m final despite looking fatigued for the preliminary rounds in the final he ran a world record time of 19.19 seconds meaning that for everyone of his golds he had broken the world record and also that in Berlin he had knocked more than a tenth of a second of both his previous world records. The final was the first to have five men going under 20 seconds but despite this Bolt was two metres ahead of the field coming of the bend and just kept on running.

    On the 21 August double Olympic champion Veronica Campbell-Brown couldn’t replicate Bolt’s 200 m success as she won silver in the 200 m final behind American Allyson Felix in a time of 22.35.

    On day 8 of the Championships was the day of the sprint relays and the women’s 4×100 m was withoutUSA meaning that Jamaica were clear favourites as long as they got the baton round which is what they did as the team of Simone Facey 200 m finalist, Shelly-Ann Fraser 100 m gold medalist, Aleen Bailey100 m finalist and Kerron Stewart 100 m silver medalist on the final leg ran 42.06 to win Jamaica’s 6th gold medal. The male quartet were seemingly inspired by their female counterparts as the team of Steve Mullings 200 m finalist, Michael Frater 100 m semi-finalist, Usain Bolt Double World Champion, Triple Olympic champion and Triple world record holder and on the last leg Asafa Powell world bronze medalist as he anchored the team to a new championship record of 37.31.

    This also meant Jamaica had 7 championship golds doubling the tally of all previous championships altogether with one more event to go.

    Jamaica’s final medal came in women’s 4×400 m relay as the quartet of Rosemarie WhyteNovlene Williams-MillsShereefa Lloyd and Shericka Williams comfortably beat the Russia team to win a silver medal meaning Jamaica finished the Championships 2nd on the medal table with 7 golds, 4 silvers and 2 bronzes.


    Many of Jamaica’s superstars didn’t attend the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi mainly becauase of it being held outside of the traditional athletics season. The weakened Jamaica team came back from Delhi with 2 golds, 4 silvers and 1 bronze. The golds came from Lerone Clarke in the men’s 100mwinning despite being only the 8th ranked Jamaican in the world that year and Trecia Smith retained her women’s triple jump title from Melbourne with a jump of 14.19m. The four silvers came from Dorian Scottin the men’s shot put, Sheeree Francis in the women’s high jump, Lansford Spence in the men’s 200m and the Men’s 4x100m relay team. Nickiesha Wilson won bronze in the women’s 400m hurdles.

    Youth athletic development in Jamaica

    Most Jamaican schools have an athletics program in the curriculum, so Jamaican children are into athletics at a young age. Budding young athletes have to impress at primary school level as this can get them recognised by good athletics schools like Kingston College and Vere Technical High. The most important athletics event in Jamaica is the VMBS Boys and Girls Athletics Championships (colloquially known simply as ‘Champs’)[1] which begun in 1910 at Sabina Park and were won by Wolmer’s High School, these championships are a chance for athletes under 19 to show off their talents to national and overseas coaches. These championships are incredibly popular in Jamaica and the athletes are normally competing to crowds of 20-25,000 people which is good preparation for major championships and some of the championship records are world class. The championships are the climax of a series of athletics meets for under-19s in Jamaica and this is similar to the grand-prix series which is normally climaxed by a major championships in Senior athletics. Dominant athletes are normally picked for the Penn Relayswhich is a competition where the best Jamaican schools and universities compete against the best American schools and universities. Herb McKenley entered the first Jamaican high school team in to thePenn Relays in 1964 and since then Jamaicans have won more than half the events.

    Top 5 Jamaican 100 m Athletes – Women

    (Updated 31 May 2011.)

    Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Location
    1. 10.73 Shelly-Ann Fraser  Jamaica 17 August 2009 Berlin
    2. 10.74 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica 7 September 1996 Milan
    3. 10.75 Kerron Stewart  Jamaica 10 July 2009 Rome
    4. 10.76 Veronica Campbell  Jamaica 31 May 2011 Ostrava, Czech Republic
    5. 10.82 Sherone Simpson  Jamaica 24 May 2006 Kingston, Jamaica

    Top 5 Jamaican 100 m Athletes — men

    Updated 30 June 2011

    Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Location
    1 9.58 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 16 August 2009 BerlinGermany
    2 9.72 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 2 September 2008 LausanneSwitzerland
    3 9.78 Nesta Carter  Jamaica 29 August 2010 RietiItaly
    4 9.80 Steve Mullings  Jamaica 4 June 2011 EugeneUSA
    5 9.88 Michael Frater  Jamaica 30 June 2011 Lausanne, Switzerland

    Jamaicans in America

    Many Jamaican athletes chose to train in the United States to use the better facilities. There are currently 21 Jamaican coaches in American universities. The American university system gives athletes the chance to continue their academic studies and train to become an international athlete at the same time. Over 200 Jamaican athletes train in America. Most of Jamaica’s successful athletes have come through the American collegial system, including Jamaican pioneers Herb McKenley, who attended theUniversity of Illinois, Leslie Laing, who attended University of California and George Rhoden, who attended Morgan State University. Although Jamaicans are starting to stay in Jamaica with successful results.

    Coaching in Jamaica

    In recent years, Jamaican athletes have decided to stay in Jamaica to train. Stephen Francis a Jamaican coach created the MVP (Maximising Velocity and Power) club in 2001 based in University of Technology (UTech), Kingston. He created this club because he felt Jamaican athletes were becoming “Americans” not interested in coming back to Jamaica. In 2001 Brigitte Foster-Hylton came from America and joined this club. Foster was an unknown in the first year so no one was interested in sponsoring her. Francis sold his car to keep funding the club. In late 2001 Asafa Powell an athlete with a personal best of 10.70 joined the club. In the years to come Asafa Powell smashed the 100 m world record twice. Bridgette set a new national record in the 100 m hurdles and is now Commonwealth champion. Sherone Simpson hadn’t won a race and since joining the club she is now one of the world’s top sprinters and Olympic silver medallist. Francis also coaches 100 m Olympic Champion Shelly-Ann Fraser, Olympic 400 m silver medallist Shericka Williams and 400 m hurdles Olympic Gold medalistMelaine Walker. Francis has also influenced the careers of Ainsley Waugh and Germaine Mason. Jamaica’s recent successes are thanks to home based coaches like Stephen Francis and if Jamaica can continue producing coaches like Stephen Francis they will remain successful. A few years ago the Jamaican Amateur Athletic Association (JAAA) built the High Performance Training Centre in UTech to try to get athletes to stay in Jamaica since it was built there are now several high profile athletes from all over the Caribbean training there including triple Olympic champion Usain Bolt, under the tutelage of Jamaican Sprint Guru Glen MillsGlen Mills has recently set up a new club in Jamaica called the Racers Track Club which has athletes such as Usain Bolt and Daniel Bailey from Antigua.

    Jamaican-born athletes who have competed for other countries

    Many Jamaican-born athletes have chosen to compete for other nations. Linford Christie was born inSaint Andrew, Jamaica he immigrated to Britain at the age of seven and competed for them. He won three European Championship golds, three Commonwealth golds, one World gold and an Olympic Gold medal in the 100 m. Tessa Sanderson was born in Saint Catherine, Jamaica she immigrated to Britain she won two Commonwealth golds and an Olympic Gold for her adopted nation. Former world record holder Donovan Bailey was born in Manchester, Jamaica but immigrated to Canada at the age of 13. He went on to win 3 World Championship golds and 2 Olympic Golds for Canada. Sanya Richards was born in Kingston, Jamaica she moved to America at twelve years old. Despite being the daughter of a Jamaican football player Sanya chose to compete for the United States. In 2005 she won a silver medal at the World Championships and in 2008 won Olympic bronze. However in 2009 she finally fulfilled her potential by becoming world champion in the 400 m. Canadian Ben Johnson was born in Falmouth, Jamaica and immigrated to Canada at the age of 15 he has won two Olympic bronzes. Angella Taylorwas born in Jamaica but competed for Canada. She won two Commonwealth golds it was later discovered that she was part of a doping regime with Ben Johnson. Sprinter Charmaine Crookscompeted at four consecutive Olympics for Canada winning a silver medal in the 4×400 m relay but was actually born in Mandeville, Jamaica. High jumper Germaine Mason originally competed for Jamaica as he was born in Kingston but switched to Great Britain as his father was born there. He won an Olympicsilver medal in 2008.

    Athletes who have Jamaican parentage

    There are also some star athletes with Jamaican parentage. Kelly Holmes’s father is Jamaican. Kelly won two Olympic Golds in 2004 and has won two Commonwealth Golds for Great BritainDenise Lewis’s mother was born in Hanover, Jamaica. Denise won Olympic gold in 2000. She also won a European Championship gold and two Commonwealth golds for Great Britain. Both of hurdler Colin Jackson’s parents were born in Jamaica but he competed for Great Britain. Colin won two World Championship golds and an Olympic Silver. American sprinter Inger Miller is the daughter of Jamaican Olympic legend Lennox Miller. Inger won two World Championship golds. Italian long jumper Fiona Mayhas Jamaican parentage. Fiona won two World Championship golds. Derrick Atkins won 100 m silver at the 2007 World Championships he is the cousin of former world record holder Asafa Powell as his parents are originally from Jamaica. Great Britain’s 2009 world heptahlon champion Jessica Ennis has a father who was born in St CatherineJamaica and moved to Britain when he was 13. The mother of former Trinidad sprinter Ato Boldon is also Jamaican.


    Denise Lewis(2001) Personal Best London: Century ISBN 0712677372



    21 Famous Jamaicans

    List of famous people born in Jamaica, or whose parents were originally from Jamaica.

    Bob Marley (Musician)

    Bob MarleyRobert Nesta “Bob” Marley (February 6, 1945 – May 11, 1981) was a Jamaican singer-songwriter and musician.He was the lead singer, songwriter and guitarist for the ska, rocksteady and reggae bands The Wailers (1964–1974) and Bob Marley & the Wailers (1974–1981).Marley remains the most widely known and revered performer of reggae music, and is credited for helping spread both Jamaican music and the Rastafari movement.

    Usain Bolt (Athlete)

    Usain BoltUsain St. Leo Bolt, C.D. born August, 21 1986, is a Jamaican sprinter and a three-time Olympic gold medalist.He holds the world record for the 100 metres, the 200 metres and, along with his teammates, the 4×100 metres relay. He also holds the Olympic record for all three of these races.At the 2008 Summer Olympics, Bolt became the first man to win three sprinting events at a single Olympics since Carl Lewis in 1984, and the first man to set world records in all three at a single Olympics.In 2009 he became the first man to hold the 100 and 200 m world and Olympic titles at the same time.

    Sean Kingston (Musician)

    Sean KingstonSean Kingston, is an American-born Jamaican reggae fusion singer and rapper. Kingston was born 1990 in Miami, Florida, and raised in Kingston, Jamaica.In early 2009, Kingston released the lead single from his sophomore album. The single, “I’m At War” featuring Lil Wayne, was a “promo single”. In April, 2009, Kingston released the official lead single from his sophomore album.”Fire Burning” was released on April 24, 2009, and has peaked at #5 on the Billboard Hot 100. 

    Canibus (Musician)

    CanibusGermaine Williams, better known by his stage name Canibus, is an American rapper. He is a part of supergroup The HRSMN.He was born in Jamaica in 1974. His father, Basil Williams, is a former Jamaican cricketer.The family moved frequently, living in The Bronx, Washington, D.C., Atlanta, Miami, Buffalo, and Montreal due to his mother’s career requiring constant relocation

    Shaggy (Musician)

    ShaggyOrville Richard Burrell born October 22, 1968, Kingston, Jamaica, better known by his stage name Shaggy, is a Grammy-nominated Jamaican-American reggae singer.He takes his nickname from Scooby-Doo’s companion, a nickname given to him by his friends during his teenage years because his name bore a similarity to the Scooby Doo character.He is especially notable for his distinctive sub-baritone voice. Speaking on ‘This Morning’ on August 27, 2008, Burrell states the name Shaggy is a reference to his then hairstyle.

    Busta Rhymes (Musician)

    Busta RhymesTrevor Tahiem Smith, Jr., better known as Busta Rhymes born May 20, 1972 is a Grammy-nominated American rapper, songwriter, and actor.Smith was born in East Flatbush, Brooklyn to Jamaican parents Cherry Green and Trevor Smith, Sr.Chuck D of Public Enemy gave him the name Busta Rhymes (from former NFL wide receiver George “Buster” Rhymes).

    Biggie Smalls (Musician)

    Notorius BIGChristopher George Latore Wallace
    (May 21, 1972 – March 9, 1997), popularly known as Biggie Smalls and his primary stage name The Notorious B.I.G., was an American rapper.Wallace was the only child to Voletta Wallace, a Jamaican pre-school teacher, and George Latore, a welder and small-time Jamaican politician.His father left the family when Wallace was two years old, leaving his mother to work two jobs while raising him.On March 9, 1997, Wallace was killed by an unknown assailant in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles. His double-disc set Life After Death, released fifteen days later, hit #1 on the U.S. album charts and was certified Diamond in 2000.

    Sean Paul (Musician)

    Sean PaulSean Paul Ryan Francis Henriques born January 9, 1973, simply known as Sean Paul, is a Jamaican ragga and hip hop musician.Sean Paul was born in Kingston, Jamaica and spent his early years “comfortably” in Upper Saint Andrew Parish, a few miles north of his birthplace.His parents, Garth and Frances, were both talented athletes, and his mother is a well-known painter.The newest Sean Paul album entitled “Imperial Blaze” was released on August 18, 2009. The lead single, “So Fine”, which was produced by Stephen “Di Genius” McGregor, premiered on Sean Paul’s official website on April, 2009

    Asafa Powell (Athlete)

    Asafa Powell, Jamaican AthleteAsafa Powell C.D born November 23, 1982 is a Jamaican sprinter who specialises in the 100 meters. He held the 100 m world record between June 2005 and May 2008, with times of 9.77 and 9.74 seconds respectively.Powell has consistently broken the 10 second barrier in competition, with his personal best of 9.72 s being the fourth fastest time in the history of the event.He won a gold medal and set the world and Olympic record in the 4 × 100 metres relay with the Jamaican team in Beijing. At the 2007 Osaka World Championships he won a bronze and a silver medal in the 100 m and 4 x 100 m relay respectively and he has been successful at the Commonwealth Games, winning two gold and one silver medal.At the 2009 World Championship he again achieved a Bronze medal in the 100 m and Gold in the 4 x 100 m. Powell has won at the IAAF World Athletics Final five times and is the 100 m record holder for the event.

    Carla Campbell (Model)

    Carla CambellCarla Campbell born 1981 in Jamaica is a fashion model represented by IMG in New York.She received her most widespread exposure appearing in the 2006 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, being the first model from the Caribbean to appear in the highly popular edition.She is the only the second model from the Caribbean to shoot for Victoria’s Secret!

    Patrick Ewing (Athlete)

    Busta RhymesBorn in Kingston, Jamaica, Patrick Aloysius Ewing excelled at cricket and soccer. He was 11 years old when he arrived in the United States with his family, settling in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He learned to play basketball at Cambridge Rindge and Latin.Ewing was born August 5, 1962 is an American retired Hall of Fame basketball player and current assistant coach for the National Basketball Association’s Orlando Magic.He played most of his career with the NBA’s New York Knicks as their starting center and played briefly with the Seattle SuperSonics and Orlando Magic.He was inducted into the Hall of Fame on September 5, 2008 along with former NBA coach Pat Riley and former Houston Rockets center, Hakeem Olajuwon. His number 33 was retired by the Knicks in 2003.

    Naomi Campbell (Model)

    Naomi CambellCampbell was born in Streatham, London, England. Her mother, Valerie Campbell (née Morris), is a former ballet dancer of Afro-Jamaican descent.The high point of Campbell’s career was in the early 1990s, when she was part of the two major “supermodel” powerhouses: the Big Six, alongside Cindy Crawford, Claudia Schiffer, Christy Turlington, Linda Evangelista and Kate Moss, and The Trinity, alongside Turlington and Evangelista.Campbell is signed to IMG Models (New York City), Storm Model Management (London), Marilyn Agency (Paris), and D’management Group (Milan).

    Colin Powell (Politician)

    Colin PowellColin Luther Powell was born on April 5, 1937 in Harlem, a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan to Jamaican immigrant parents Luther Theophilus Powell and Maud Arial McKoy.Powell is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State (2001-2005), serving under President George W. Bush.He was the first African American appointed to that position. During his military career, Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989), as Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Army Forces Command (1989) and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993), holding the latter position during the Gulf War.He was the first, and so far the only, African American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

    Ziggy Marley (Musician)

    Ziggy MarleyDavid Nesta “Ziggy” Marley born October 17, 1968, Trenchtown, Jamaica is a four time Grammy-winning Jamaican musician and leader of the band Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers.He is the oldest son of Rita and Bob Marley, the roots reggae singer.In 1979, Ziggy and his siblings, Cedella, Stephen and Sharon made their recording debut with their father, “Children Playing in the Streets”.The Melody Makers, as the group came to be known, played occasionally for several years, including at their father’s funeral in 1981.

    Ziggy had become politically active by this time, working with the United Nations and creating a record label called Ghetto Youths Crew. A solo album, Dragonfly was released on April 15, 2003.

    On July 2, 2006, his second solo album, Love Is My Religion, was released on his independent record company Tuff Gong Worldwide.

    He is listed as the featured artist on Donna Summer’s song, “Crayons,” the title track from her 2008 album. Marley went on tour with 311 in July 2009.

    Elephant Man (Musician)

    Elephant ManElephant Man, also known as the Energy God, (born O’Neil Bryan on September 11, 1977, in Kingston, Jamaica) is a dancehall musician.His stagename stemmed from his large ears, which led to the nickname Dumbo in his youth. Ele started out his musical career as a member of the Scare Dem Crew, later continuing as a solo artist.He was later characterized for several trademarks, such as his dyed yellow-orange hair, his unique low-key voice, and his stage performance, which included jumping and running, or even climbing on stage props and monitors. His acoustic trademark is marked by a light lisp.

    Jamaican Bobsled Team

    Naomi CambellThe Jamaican Bobsled Team first gained fame during their debut in the 1988 Winter Olympic Games in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. They are also well known from their portrayal in the 1993 film Cool Runnings, based on their exploits in the Winter Olympics.Two Americans were largely responsible for the founding of the Jamaican Bobsled Team. George B. Fitch and William Maloney had family and business ties to Jamaica and after witnessing a pushcart derby they realized that it was very similar to bobsledding.
    Since bobsledding requires a fast start, Maloney and Fitch decided to use sprinters, who are plentiful on the island nation of Jamaica. They originally tried to recruit Olympic-class sprinters, but no one was interested, so they presented their idea to Colonel Ken Barnes of the Jamaican military.The first four members of the Jamaican bobsled team were:

    • Devon Harris, a lieutenant in the Second Battalion, Jamaican Army
    • Dudley Stokes, a captain from the JDF Air Wing
    • Michael White, a private in the National Reserves
    • Samuel Clayton, a railway engineer

    They were coached by New York native Howard Siler, of Malone, New York.

    Christopher “Kid” Reid (Actor/Musician)

    Christopher Reid, KidChristopher Reid born April 5, 1964, formerly known as Kid is an American actor, comedian, and former rapper.Reid was born in The Bronx, New York City, to a Jamaican father and an Irish mother. He graduated from the prestigious Bronx High School of Science in 1982. He also graduated from Lehman College in the Bronx.He is best known as one-half of late-1980s/early-1990s hip hop musical act Kid ‘n Play with fellow rapper/actor Christopher “Play” Martin. Reid was particularly notable for his extreme hi-top fade hairstyle. Reid has appeared on a number of television programs, including Martin and Sister, Sister, and has also served as the host of amateur contest shows such as Your Big Break and It’s Showtime at the Apollo.Reid’s most recent musical contribution has been to HBO’s Real Time with Bill Maher; he wrote the theme song. He also appeared on the VH1 reality magician game show Celebracadabra in 2008.

    Alicia Keys (Musician)

    Alicia KeysAlicia Keys was born Alicia Augello Cook on January 25, 1981, in the Hell’s Kitchen area of Manhattan, in New York City, New York.She is the daughter and only child of Irish-Italian mother Teresa Augello, a paralegal and part-time actress, and Jamaican father Craig Cook, a flight attendant.Keys released her first studio album, Songs in A Minor, in June 2001. It debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and sold 236,000 copies in its first week. The album sold over 6.2 million copies in the United States.It went on to sell over 12 million copies worldwide, establishing Keys’ popularity both inside and outside the United States, where she became the best-selling new artist and best-selling R&B artist of 2001.

    Keys signed a film production deal in 2009 to develop live-action and animated projects with Disney. Their first film will be a remake of the 1958 comedy Bell, Book and Candle and will star Keys as a witch who casts a love spell to lure a rival’s fiancé.

    Heavy D (Musician)

    Heavy D and the BoyzDwight Errington Myers was born on May 24, 1967, in Jamaica. His family moved to Mount Vernon, New York, when he was a young child.Heavy D is the stage name of Myers, an American rapper and former leader of Heavy D & the Boyz, a hip hop group which included G-Whiz (Glen Parrish), “Trouble” T. Roy (Troy Dixon), and Eddie F (born Edward Ferrell).The group maintained a sizable audience in the United States through most of the 1990s. He has recently ventured into reggae music and can now be described as a reggae fusion artist.Heavy D has now released a new reggae album via itunes, called Vibes & reportedly has a son who is currently releasing mix tapes as a rapper.

    Lyriq Bent (Actor)

    Originally from Kingston, Jamaica…Lyriq Bent is an actor, best known for his portrayal as SWAT Team Leader Rigg in Saw II, Saw III and Saw IV.After graduating college with high honors, Lyriq Bent originally began his career as a computer graphic technician.Bent’s plans, however, were short lived as he decided to take up acting on a dare. Since then, he has had numerous film and television appearances.

    Lisa Hanna (Miss World 1993)

    Lisa Hanna was the third Jamaican to win the Miss World title. She won the title in 1993 in Sun City, South Africa at 18 years old. Hanna had a small role in How Stella Got Her Groove Back, and she has hosted the popular Jamaican talk show, Our Voices.Lisa migrated to the U.S. in 2004 to pursue a career in broadcasting and was a guest presenter on the entertainment show Xtra. During June 2007, she was catapulted into the public’s eyes again when the ruling political party, Peoples National Party announced her as a candidate for key constituency for the country’s next general election which is constitutionally due in October 2007.On September 3, 2007, Lisa Hanna went on to win the South Eastern St. Ann constituency by 2678 votes over the JLP’s Peter Fakhourie 

    Article from:


     Follow @crazyjamaica




Google Ads

(FREE)SIGN UP FOR 10 Ways to your Most Healthy life now !!